Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

What Is It?

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride is an oily liquid made from coconut oil. In cosmetics and personal care products, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride is used in the formulation of lipstick, eye makeup, foundations, blushers, perfumes, moisturizers, suntan and sunscreen products and many other products.

Why Is It Used?

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride slows the loss of water from the skin by forming a barrier on the skin’s surface. It is also used to alter the thickness of liquid products.

Scientific Facts

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride is an oily mixed ester composed of caprylic and capric fatty acids derived from coconut oil and glycerin. The desirability of Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride in cosmetics and personal care products is based on its stability, solubility and lack of odor and color.

Safety Information

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) includes caprylic acid, a main constituent of Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, on its list of substances Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) for use as a direct food additive. Fatty acids including caprylic acid and capric acid are also included on the list of food additives allowed to be directly added to food. The safety of Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride has been assessed by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel. The CIR Expert Panel evaluated the scientific data and concluded that Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride was safe as a cosmetic ingredient in the present practices of use. In 2001, the CIR Expert Panel considered available new data on Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride and reaffirmed the above conclusion.

CIR Safety Review: The CIR Expert Panel acknowledged that Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, when absorbed from the digestive tract, was hydrolyzed and the fatty acids were broken down and further metabolized to either carbon dioxide or long-chain fatty acids. Tests involving ingestion, injection, skin and eye exposure showed that Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride had very low toxicity.

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride did not result in skin or eye irritation, nor was it a skin sensitizer.

FDA: Link to Code of Federal Regulations for Caprylic Acid

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride may be used in cosmetics and personal care products marketed in Europe according to the general provisions of the Cosmetics Regulation of the European Union.

Link to the EU Cosmetic Regulation:…

More Scientific Information

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride the ester of fatty acids normally found in coconut oil and glycerin. It can be hydrolyzed to yield glycerin and mixtures of fatty acids. These fatty acids may serve as raw materials for a variety of other useful cosmetic ingredientss. In cosmetics and personal care products, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride functions as a skin conditioning agent – occlusive and as a viscosity controlling agent. It also provides slipperiness and promotes pigment dispersion in finished products.


Find out more about the regulation of Food Additives by the Food and Drug Administration

Food Ingredients and Packaging:

Food Contact Substances:…

Substances Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS):

Search the Code of Federal Regulations

EU Cosmetics Inventory