Acacia Farnesiana Flower/Stem Extract
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) includes Sticky, polysaccharide substances exuded by plants that are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying. arabic (acacia senegal gum) on its list of substances considered Generally Recognized As Safe (“GRAS” is an acronym for the phrase Generally Recognized As Safe. Under sections 201(s) and 409 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act), any substance that is intentionally added to food is a food additive, that is subject to premarket review and approval by FDA, unless the substance is generally recognized, among qualified experts, as having been adequately shown to be safe under the conditions of its intended use, or unless the use of the substance is otherwise excluded from the definition of a food additive.) as a direct food additive. The safety of acacia-derived ingredients has been assessed by the Expert Panel for Cosmetic Ingredient Safety. The Expert Panel evaluated the scientific data and concluded that acacia senegal gum and acacia senegal gum The mixture of substances drawn out of a material by solution, heat, or another physical or chemical process. were safe as used in cosmetics and personal care products. The Expert Panel also concluded that the available data were insufficient to determine the safety of the following ingredients in cosmetics and personal care products: acacia catechu gum, acacia concinna fruit extract, acacia dealbata leaf extract, acacia dealbata flower wax, acacia decurrens extract, acacia farnesiana flower/stem extract, acacia farnesiana flower wax, acacia farnesiana gum, and acacia senegal flower/stem Extract.
The Expert Panel noted that only material derived from acacia senegal were reported to be used in cosmetics and personal care products. Toxicity data on gum arabic indicates little or no acute, short-term or subchronic toxicity. Gum arabic is negative in several genotoxicity assays, is not a reproductive or developmental toxin, and is not carcinogenic when given intraperitoneally or orally. Clinical testing indicated some evidence of skin sensitization with gum arabic, although a maximization test of a product containing acacia senegal gum was negative. The extensive safety test data on gum arabic supports the safety of acacia senegal gum and acacia senegal gum extract, and it was concluded that these two ingredients were safe as used in cosmetic formulations. It was not possible, however, to relate the data on gum arabic to the crude extracts from species other than acacia senegal. Therefore, additional data were needed to support the safety of acacia catechu gum, acacia concinna fruit extract, acacia dealbata leaf extract, acacia dealbata flower wax, acacia decurrens extract, acacia farnesiana flower/stem extract, acacia farnesiana flower wax, acacia farnesiana gum, and acacia senegal flower/stem extract in cosmetics and personal care products. The Expert Panel requested composition data on the other ingredients to determine if the information on acacia senegal gum could be used to support the safety of the other acacia-derived ingredients. Link to the FDA Code of Federal Regulations for gum arabic (acacia senegal gum).
The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives did not consider it necessary to specify an Acceptable Daily Intake for Sticky, polysaccharide substances exuded by plants that are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying. arabic.
The acacia-derived ingredients may be used in cosmetics and personal care products marketed in Europe according to the Under the general provisions of the cosmetics regulation of the EU, ingredients appearing on the following function-specific annexes must comply with the listed restrictions and/or specifications: colorants (Annex IV), preservatives (Annex V), UV filters (Annex VI) and other ingredients with specific concentration limits and/or other restrictions (Annex III). Ingredients specifically prohibited from use in cosmetic products are listed in Annex II. Other ingredients listed in the EU cosmetic ingredient database (CosIng) may be used without restrictions..