Oryza Sativa (Rice) Germ Powder
What Is It?
Many ingredients made from rice may be used in cosmetics and personal care products. These include various oils and fats, (Oryza Sativa (Rice) The coarse outer hulls from various cereal grains obtained during milling. Oil, Oryza Sativa (Rice) The embryonic form of a grain from which a new organism is developed. Oil, Rice Bran Acid, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Wax, and Hydrogenated Rice Bran Wax), and extracts (Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran The mixture of substances drawn out of a material by solution, heat, or another physical or chemical process., Oryza Sative (Rice) Extract, Hydrolyzed Rice Bran Extract, and Hydrolyzed Rice Extract). Various parts of rice such as Oryza Sativa (Rice) Germ Powder and Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran, as well as isolated components such as Oryza Sativa (Rice) A complex carbohydrate widely distributed among plants. It is the chief storage form of carbohydrates in plants., Hydrolyzed Rice A naturally occurring complex organic substance present in relatively high amounts in meats, fish, eggs, cheese, legumes. Made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur and phosphorus., and Hydrolyzed Rice Bran Protein may also be used in cosmetics and personal care products. The ingredients made from rice may be used in a wide varity of cosmetics and personal care products.
Why Is It Used?
When used in cosmetics and personal care products, the following functions have been reported for the ingredients made from rice.
- Ingredients used for abrading, smoothing or polishing, such as emery or pumice. – Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Germ Powder
- Ingredients that have the capacity to absorb or soak up liquids. – Oryza Sativa (Rice) Starch
- Ingredients that hold together the ingredients of a compressed tablet or cake. – Hydrogenated Rice Bran Wax
- Non-reactive, solid ingredients that are used to dilute other solids, or to increase the volume of a product. – Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran; Oryza Sativa (Rice) Starch
- Ingredients that enhance the appearance and feel of hair, by increasing hair body, suppleness, or sheen, or by improving the texture of hair that has been damaged physically or by chemical treatment. – Oryza Sativa (Rice) Extract, Hydrolyzed Rice Bran Protein, Hydrolyzed Rice Protein
- Skin conditioning agent – Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Oil, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Germ Oil, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Wax, Hydrogenated Rice Bran Wax, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Extract, Hydrolyzed Rice Bran Extract, Hydrolyzed Rice Bran Protein, Hydrolyzed Rice Protein
- An ingredient that helps two substances that normally do not mix to become dissolved or dispersed in one another. Also called a surface active agent. – Rice Bran Acid
Oryza sativa is one species of rice. Rice is the world’s largest crop and serves as a staple food for a large part of the world’s human population. Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Oil is a light yellow oil expressed from rice bran.
Crude Rice Bran Oil is non-edible due to the large amounts of fatty acids and waxes present in the mixture. The fatty acids and waxes are removed to obtain refined Rice Bran Oil, which is used extensively in cooking in Asian countries.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) permits Rice Bran Wax to be directly added to food. Rice Bran Wax is also on the list of indirect food additives that may be used as releasing agents. The safety of the ingredients made from rice has been assessed by the The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) was established in 1976 as an independent safety review program for cosmetic ingredients. The CIR Expert Panel consists of independent experts in dermatology, toxicology, pharmacolgy and veterinary medicine. The CIR includes participation by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration and the Consumer Federation of America. (CIR) Expert Panel. The CIR Expert Panel evaluated the scientific data and concluded that Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Oil, Oryza Sative (Rice) Germ Oil, Rice Bran Acid, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Wax, Hydrogenated Rice Bran Wax, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Extract, Oryza Sative (Rice) Extract, Hydrolyzed Rice Bran Extract, Hydrolyzed Rice Extract, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Germ Powder, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Starch, Hydrolyzed Rice Protein, and Hydrolyzed Rice Bran Protein were safe as a cosmetic ingredient in the current practices of use and concentrations as reflected in the safety assessment.
CIR Safety Review: Information on Sterols derived from plants. gamma-oryzanol, found in rice were included throughout the CIR report. To facilitate the review, the ingredients derived from rice were placed into four groups, oils, fatty acids and waxes; extracts; bran, starch and powder; and proteins.
The available data, including dermal irritation and sensitization tests and mutagenicity studies did not suggest any toxicity of the oils, fatty acids and waxes (Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Oil, Oryza Sative (Rice) Germ Oil, Rice Bran Acid, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Wax, and Hydrogenated Rice Bran Wax). The CIR Expert Panel also noted that the A natural organic compound that consists of a carboxyl group (oxygen, carbon and hydrogen) attached to a chain of carbon atoms with their associated hydrogen atoms. The chain of carbon atoms may be connected with single bonds, making a ‘saturated’ fat; or it may contain some double bonds, making an ‘unsaturated’ fat. The number of carbon and hydrogen atoms in the chain is what determines the qualities of that particular fatty acid. Animal and vegetable fats are made up of various combinations of fatty acids (in sets of three) connected to a glycerol molecule, making them triglycerides. composition of the ingredients in the oils, fatty acids, and waxes group included fatty acids that were previously determined safe.
Based on composition information and skin testing (irritation and sensitization tests) the CIR Expert Panel were also able to conclude that the extracts (Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Extract, Oryza Sative (Rice) Extract, Hydrolyzed Rice Bran Extract, and Hydrolyzed Rice Extract), bran, starch, and powder (Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Starch,Oryza Sativa (Rice) Germ Powder), and the proteins (Hydrolyzed Rice Protein, Hydrolyzed Rice Bran Protein) could be safely used in cosmetics and personal care products. The CIR Expert Panel noted that trace amounts of pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been reported in Rice Bran Oil used for cooking. They indicated that pesticides and PCBs should not exceed currently reported levels for rice-derived ingredients in cosmetics and personal care products.
Link to FDA Code of Federal Regulations for Rice Bran Wax
The ingredients made from rice may be used in cosmetics and personal care products marketed in Europe according to the Under the general provisions of the cosmetics regulation of the EU, ingredients appearing on the following function-specific annexes must comply with the listed restrictions and/or specifications: colorants (Annex IV), preservatives (Annex V), UV filters (Annex VI) and other ingredients with specific concentration limits and/or other restrictions (Annex III). Ingredients specifically prohibited from use in cosmetic products are listed in Annex II. Other ingredients listed in the EU cosmetic ingredient database (CosIng) may be used without restrictions..
Link to the EU Cosmetic Regulation:
More Scientific Information
Rice Bran Oil is made up of the following distribution of fatty acids: palmitic acid, 15%; stearic acid, 2%; oleic acid, 43%; linoleic acid 39%; linolenic acid 1%; arachidic acid, 0.5%; and behenic acid, 0.2%.
Find out more about the regulation of Food Additives by the Food and Drug Administration
Food Ingredients and Packaging: http://www.fda.gov/Food/IngredientsPackagingLabeling/default.htm
Food Contact Substances: http://www.fda.gov/Food/IngredientsPackagingLabeling/PackagingFCS/defaul…
Substances Generally Recognized As Safe (“GRAS” is an acronym for the phrase Generally Recognized As Safe. Under sections 201(s) and 409 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act), any substance that is intentionally added to food is a food additive, that is subject to premarket review and approval by FDA, unless the substance is generally recognized, among qualified experts, as having been adequately shown to be safe under the conditions of its intended use, or unless the use of the substance is otherwise excluded from the definition of a food additive.): http://www.fda.gov/Food/IngredientsPackagingLabeling/GRAS/default.htm
Search the Code of Federal Regulations http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/cfrsearch.cfm
EU Cosmetics Inventory http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/