Chromium Oxide Greens
What Is It?
Chromium Oxide Greens is a green pigment. In cosmetics and personal care products, Chromium Oxide Greens is used in the formulation of makeup, hair coloring products, cleansing products, bath products, nail polish and skin care products.
Why Is It Used?
Chromium Oxide Greens imparts a color to cosmetics and personal care products.
Chromium Oxide Greens is synthesized from mineral sources. Color additives are classified as straight colors, lakes, and mixtures. Straight colors are color additives that have not been mixed or chemically reacted with any other substance. Chromium Oxide Greens is a straight color.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) lists Chromium Oxide Greens as a color additive exempt from certification. Chromium Oxide Greens is safe for use in externally applied cosmetics and personal care products, including products intended for use in the area of the eye, when it conforms to FDA specifications. The FDA also permits the use of Chromium Oxide Greens as a Ingredients that impart color to cosmetic products. In the United States, the FDA regulates which colorants may be used in cosmetics. for polymers with incidental contact with food at a level not to exceed 5% by weight of the A naturally occurring or synthetic molecule made up of repeating units called monomers.. The The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) was established in 1976 as an independent safety review program for cosmetic ingredients. The CIR Expert Panel consists of independent experts in dermatology, toxicology, pharmacolgy and veterinary medicine. The CIR includes participation by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration and the Consumer Federation of America. (CIR) has deferred evaluation of this ingredient because the safety has been assessed by FDA. This deferral of review is according to the provisions of the CIR Procedures.
All color additives used in foods, drugs and cosmetics in the United States must be approved by FDA and listed in the Code of Federal Regulations. In some cases, FDA requires that each batch of color produced for use in regulated products can be used only if it is certified by the agency to meet strict specifications. FDA maintains a laboratory especially for this purpose and color manufacturers must pay a fee to support this activity. FDA only approves colors after extensive review of all safety data and publication of the basis for its approval in the Federal Register.
You can find out more about FDA regulation of colors at: http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/cos-col.html
Link to FDA Code of Federal Regulations for Chromium Oxide Greens
Chromium Oxide Greens is listed as CI 77288 in the Cosmetics Directive of the European Union and may be used as a colouring agent in all cosmetics and personal care products when it is free from chromate ions. When used in cosmetic products in the European Union, this ingredient must be called CI 77288.
Link to the EU Cosmetic Regulation:
You can learn more about the regulation and labeling of colors at:
More Scientific Information
Chromium Oxide Greens is principally chromic sesquioxide (Cr2O3). In cosmetics and personal care products, Chromium Oxide Greens functions as a colorant.
Find out more about the regulation of Food Additives by the Food and Drug Administration
Food Ingredients and Packaging: http://www.fda.gov/Food/IngredientsPackagingLabeling/default.htm
Food Contact Substances: http://www.fda.gov/Food/IngredientsPackagingLabeling/PackagingFCS/defaul…
Substances Generally Recognized As Safe (“GRAS” is an acronym for the phrase Generally Recognized As Safe. Under sections 201(s) and 409 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act), any substance that is intentionally added to food is a food additive, that is subject to premarket review and approval by FDA, unless the substance is generally recognized, among qualified experts, as having been adequately shown to be safe under the conditions of its intended use, or unless the use of the substance is otherwise excluded from the definition of a food additive.): http://www.fda.gov/Food/IngredientsPackagingLabeling/GRAS/default.htm
Search the Code of Federal Regulations http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/cfrsearch.cfm
EU Cosmetics Inventory http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/