Aleurites Moluccana Seed Oil

What Is It?

Aleurites Moluccana Seed Oil is the oil expressed from the nuts of the kukui nut tree, also called candlenut tree. Aleurites Moluccana Seed Oil is used in many types of cosmetics and personal care products including bath products, cleansing products, shaving preparations, skin care and hair care products.

Why Is It Used?

When used in cosmetics and personal care products, Aleurites Moluccana Seed Oil functions as a skin-conditioning agent – miscellaneous and a skin-conditioning agent – occlusive.

Scientific Facts

The candlenut tree is found widely in tropical areas, including areas of Asia and Australia. The candlenut is cooked and eaten in Indonesia and Malaysia. The oil from candlenuts contains about 35-40% linoleic acid, 24-40% linolenic acid, 10-35% oleic acid and 5-8% palmitic acid.

Safety Information

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) includes candlenut oil on its list of indirect food additives that may be safely used in resinous and polymeric coatings on food contact surfaces. The safety of Aleurites Moluccana Seed Oil has been assessed by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel.

The CIR Expert Panel evaluated scientific data and concluded that this ingredient was safe for use as an ingredient in cosmetics and personal care products. Botanical and botanically derived ingredients used in the formulation of cosmetics are generally mild and safe. Prior to marketing the finished cosmetic product, the safety of each ingredient must be substantiated in accordance with 21 CFR 740.10. Safety substantiation of cosmetic ingredients may include tests for ocular and skin irritation as well as allergenicity, phototoxicity, photoallergenicity and mutagenicity, depending on the application or intended use. There is a considerable body of information about the safety of botanical ingredients and a well-established history of use. These resources are consulted to ensure the safety of these materials as they are used in cosmetics.

CIR Safety Review:

Aleurites Moluccana Seed Oil was included in the CIR Expert Panel’s review of plant-derived fatty acids oils. Based on a history of safe use in food, the composition of the oils, and data indicating that these ingredients were not dermal irritants or sensitizers, the CIR Expert Panel concluded that plant-derived fatty acid oils including Aleurites Moluccana Seed Oil were safe as used in cosmetic products.

FDA: Link to Code of Federal Regulations for candlenut oil…

More information about botanical ingredients.

Aleurites Moluccana Seed Oil may be used in cosmetics and personal care products marketed in Europe according to the general provisions of the Cosmetics Regulation of the European Union.

Link to the EU Cosmetic Regulation:

More Scientific Information

In naming plants, botanists use a Latin name made up of the genus and species of the plant. For example, under this system, the candlenut tree is known as Aleurites moluccana (L.) Willd., where “(L.) Willd ” stands for the names of the people, who first described the type of plant specimen. Plants are also known by a common name that has been handed down through generations. For example, the candlenut tree is also called kukui. Common names may vary from country to country. Therefore, Latin names, which are more likely to be recognized in many countries, are frequently used on the label of a product to identify an ingredient made from plants.


Find out more about the regulation of Food Additives by the Food and Drug Administration

Food Ingredients and Packaging:

Food Contact Substances:

Substances Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS):

Cross Reference for Common Names and Latin names for Botanical ingredient:…

Find out more about the history of using plants to obtain beneficial materials:

Search the Code of Federal Regulations

EU Cosmetics Inventory