Soap is one of the oldest and most important cosmetic and personal care products. Soap is a product used in conjunction with water for washing and cleaning. It usually comes in a solid molded form (bar soap) but may also come in the form of liquids dispersed from dispensers. Soaps typically contain surfactants that, when applied to a soiled surface in combination with water wet the dirt and effectively holds particles in suspension so it can be rinsed off with clean water. Soaps that are used for cleansing the body are regulated by FDA as cosmetics and are subject to the requirements of the U.S. Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FDCA). However, for products that are “soap” in the traditional and historical sense, congress decided that they should be exempt from the FDCA.
Personal Cleanliness Products
Feminine deodorants are products that can be used all over the body but are usually applied in the female genital area to reduce the occurrence of unwanted odors. Feminine deodorants are used externally and are commonly found in sprays and powders. They work either by using fragrance to cover up malodor or by absorbing perspiration that leads to formation of malodor. The safety of Feminine Deodorants is established by selection of ingredients that are safe and suitable for this purpose. In addition, Feminine Deodorants are assessed for their potential to cause skin irritation or cause allergic reactions. Product safety is also established through strict adherence to the principles of Quality Assurance and Good Manufacturing Practices. This includes testing the compatibility of the product with packaging as well as shelf-life stability.
A douche is a device used to introduce water or other preparation into the body. The word can refer to the rinsing of any body cavity but usually applies to vaginal irrigation, rinsing of the vagina. Vaginal douching is useful for cleaning the vagina and reducing the occurrence of unwanted odors. When a douche product is used for medicinal purposes, such as treatment of fungal or yeast infections, then the product is considered a drug by the Food and Drug Administration and much be shown to be safe and effective for the intended use. Douche drug products can either be sold as Over-The-Counter drugs or as prescription drugs. Any douche product used to treat medical conditions should be used under the supervision of a physician.
Personal cleanliness products, like soaps and shower gels, are intended to clean the body. They also include products that help protect against body odors such as deodorants and antiperspirants, as well as feminine hygiene products such as feminine deodorants and douches.
Deodorants are products applied to the body, most frequently the armpits, to reduce the body odor caused by the bacterial breakdown of perspiration. Deodorants work either by using fragrance to cover up malodor or by absorbing perspiration that leads to the formation of malodor.