What Is It?
Bisabolol is a colorless, thick oily liquid that is the main component of the essential oil made from the German chamomile plant. In cosmetics and personal care products, Bisabolol is used in the formulation of a wide variety of products including facial makeup, skin care and hair care products.
Why is it used in cosmetics and personal care products?
Bisabolol enhances the appearance of dry or damaged skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness. Bisabolol may also be used as a fragrance ingredient in cosmetics and personal care products.
Bisabolol exists in two structural forms: beta and alpha. beta-Bisabolol is found in corn and cotton. alpha-Bisabolol is used in cosmetics and personal care products and is found in various plants, including the herbal tea, chamomile.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) includes German chamomile (also called Hungarian chamomile or camomile) on its list of spices and other natural seasonings and flavorings considered as Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS). The flowers of this plant on are on the list of GRAS essential oils, oleoresins and natural extractives. The safety of Bisabolol has been assessed by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel. The CIR Expert Panel evaluated scientific data and concluded that Bisabolol was safe as used in cosmetics and personal care products.
More safety Information:
CIR Safety Review: Although Bisabolol was well-absorbed following dermal exposure, no effects were observed in a 28-day dermal toxicity study at doses higher than expected from use of this ingredient in cosmetics and personal care products. Bisabolol was negative in bacterial and mammalian genotoxicity tests, and it did not produce reproductive or developmental toxicity. The CIR Expert Panel noted that the results of oral and dermal toxicity, genotoxicity, reproductive/developmental toxicity, sensitization, and photosensitization studies showed little toxicity at levels in cosmetic formulations. Because Bisabolol may increase the skin penetration of other ingredients, the CIR Expert Panel cautioned formulators to be alert to this possibility.
Link to FDA Code of Federal Regulations for chamomile.
Bisabolol may be used in cosmetics and personal care products marketed in Europe according to the general provisions of the Cosmetics Regulation of the European Union.
More Scientific Information:
Bisabolol is an unsaturated monocyclic sesquiterpene alcohol that functions as a skin conditioning agent and a fragrance ingredient in cosmetics and personal care products. Bisabolol (also known as levomenol) is a natural monocyclic sesquiterpene alcohol that is a colorless thick oil that is the primary constituent of the essential oil from German chamomile (Matricaria recutita also called Matricarial chamomilla). It is almost insoluble in water and glycerin, but very soluble in ethanol. Bisabolol has a weak sweet floral aroma and is used in various fragrances. It has also been used for hundreds of years in cosmetics because of its perceived skin healing properties.