Arachidyl Propionate

What Is It?

Arachidyl Propionate is an amber-colored semisolid wax. In cosmetics and personal care products, Arachidyl Propionate is used in the formulation of lipsticks, moisturizers, and other skin care products.

Why Is It Used?

Arachidyl Propionate acts as a lubricant on the skin’s surface, which gives the skin a soft and smooth appearance. Arachidyl Propionate melts upon contact with the human body, leaving a nonoily feeling to the skin.

Scientific Facts

Arachidyl proprionate (or glucoside)  is NOT derived from peanuts (Arachis hypogaea).  Therefore, use of this ingredient in cosmetic products does not represent an allergy concern for children (or adults) with peanut allergies.In cosmetics and personal care products, Arachidyl Propionate may be used as a substitute for lanolin and lanolin derivatives. Arachidyl Propionate has also been used in nonprescription drug products such as ointments and emulsions.

Safety Information

The safety of Arachidyl Propionate has been assessed by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel. The CIR Expert Panel evaluated the scientific data and concluded that Arachidyl Propionate was safe as an ingredient in cosmetic and personal care products.

CIR Safety Review: No systemic toxicity was associated with subchronic oral exposure to Arachidyl Propionate. Arachidyl Propionate was neither a primary dermal irritant, nor a skin sensitizer, and it did not have comedogenic potential. It was nonirritating to the eyes. In clinical studies, Arachidyl Propionate was neither an irritant nor a sensitizer.

In additional clinical studies, Arachidyl Propionate was neither phototoxic nor a photoallergen. The CIR Expert Panel noted that Arachidyl Propionate has some structural and chemical similarities to the stearates, for which a safety assessment has already been published. Although there were limited toxicological data available for Arachidyl Propionate, the data available in the stearates report were considered relevant to the safety evaluation of Arachidyl Propionate. Structure-activity relationships would indicate that Arachidyl Propionate would not absorb in the UVA and UVB ranges and spectral analyses as well as clinical studies support this conclusion.

Based on the data reviewed in the report, the CIR Expert Panel conclude that Arachidyl Propionate was safe as a cosmetic ingredient. Arachidyl Propionate may be used in cosmetics and personal care products marketed in Europe according to the general provisions of the Cosmetics Regulation of the European Union.

Link to the EU Cosmetic Regulation:…

More Scientific Information

Arachidyl Propionate is the propionic acid ester of arachidyl alcohol. It is structurally and chemically similar to butyl stearate. In cosmetics and personal care products, Arachidyl Propionate functions as a skin conditioning agent – emollient. It is used as a “specialty wax” to provide emolliency, lubricity, gloss, and film-forming capabilities to finished products.