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Chlorphenesin is a preservative and cosmetic biocide that helps prevent the growth of microorganisms. In cosmetics and personal care products, Chlorphenesin is used in the formulation of aftershave lotions, bath products, cleansing products, deodorants, hair conditioners, makeup, skin care products, personal cleanliness products, and shampoos.
In cosmetics and personal care products, Chlorphenesin helps to prevent or retard the growth of microorganisms, and thus protects the product from spoiling. Chlorphenesin may also function as a cosmetic biocide, which means that it helps prevent the growth of microorganisms on the skin which reduces or prevents odor. Follow this link for more information about how preservatives protect cosmetics and personal care products.
Chlorphenesin is an organic compound that functions as a preservative at low concentrations. At concentrations of 0.1 to 0.3% it is active against bacteria, some species of fungi and yeast.
The safety of Chlorphenesin has been reviewed by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel. The CIR Expert Panel reviewed the scientific data and concluded that this ingredient was safe as used in cosmetics and personal care products.
CIR Safety Review:
The CIR Expert Panel reviewed data that indicate that although Chlorphenesin is absorbed through the skin, the rate of absorption is less than the rate of the metabolism and excretion of the compound. Therefore, plasma concentrations of Chlorphenesin following dermal exposure would remain low. The CIR Expert Panel also reviewed data that indicated that Chlorphenesin was not genotoxic or a developmental toxicant. Chlorphenesin was also not a dermal irritant or sensitizer.
Based on the available data, the CIR Expert Panel conclude that Chlorphenesin is safe as used in cosmetics and personal care products. Chlorphenesin is listed as 3-(p-Chlorophenoxy)-propane-1,2-diol in the Cosmetics Directive of the European Union and may be used as a preservative in cosmetics and personal care products at a maximum concentration of 0.3%.
Link to the EU Cosmetic Regulation: http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/consumers/product_labelling_and_packaging/co0013_en.htm
A drug with muscle relaxant activity called chlorphenesin carbamate is sometimes confused with the preservative Chlorphenesin.
EU Cosmetics Inventory http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/
Search the FDA Code of Federal Regulations http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/cfrsearch.cfm
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