Glossary Terms beginning with G

G

Gall

A swelling of plant tissue usually due to microorganisms, insects, or injury; sometimes an important source of tannin.

Gallnut

A gall whose appearance resembles a nut

General Provisions of the Cosmetics Regulation of the European Union

Ingredients other than color additives (Annex IV), preservatives (Annex VI), UV filters (Annex VII), and ingredients not prohibited (Annex II) or restricted (Annex III) may be used in cosmetic products in the European Union. Specifically, ingredients not included in the Annexes of the Cosmetics Regulation may be used without restriction, subject to the general principles of protection of human health and good manufacturing practice.

Germ

The embryonic form of a grain from which a new organism is developed.

Glucoside

A glucose-containing sugar derivative found widely in plants.

Gluten

A mixture of proteins obtained from wheat and other cereal grains; usually adhesive.

GRAS

"GRAS" is an acronym for the phrase Generally Recognized As Safe. Under sections 201(s) and 409 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act), any substance that is intentionally added to food is a food additive, that is subject to premarket review and approval by FDA, unless the substance is generally recognized, among qualified experts, as having been adequately shown to be safe under the conditions of its intended use, or unless the use of the substance is otherwise excluded from the definition of a food additive.

Gum

Sticky, polysaccharide substances exuded by plants that are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying.